According to Pakistan Environmental Protection Agency, as of October 1997, there are 9 National Monuments within the country.
An additional monument, Pakistan Monument was built in the capital, Islamabad, during the 2000s. There are four monuments in Sindh (all in Karachi), four in Punjab (out of which three are in Lahore), and only one in Baluchistan. Here is the list of all monuments in Pakistan:
List of National Monuments of Pakistan
Following are some of the most beautiful architectural buildings and monuments in Pakistan. Let’s explore…
1. Badshahi Mosque – Lahore
The sixth Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb commissioned the Badshahi Mosque in Lahore. Constructed between 1671 and 1673, it is the second-largest mosque in South Asia and the fifth-largest mosque in the world.
2. Wazir Khan Mosque – Lahore
The Wazir Khan Mosque in Lahore, Pakistan, is famous for its extensive faience tile work. It has been described as ‘a mole on the cheek of Lahore’.
3. Faisal Mosque – Islamabad
The Faisal Mosque is the largest mosque in Pakistan, located in the national capital city of Islamabad. Completed in 1986, it was designed by Turkish architect Mr. Vedat Dalokay to be shaped like a desert Bedouin tent.
4. Lahore Fort – Lahore
The Lahore Fort locally referred to as Shahi Qila, is a citadel in the city of Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan. It is located in the northwestern corner of the Walled City of Lahore in Iqbal Park, which is one of the largest urban parks in Pakistan.
5. Uch Sharif – Bahawalpur
Uch or Uch Sharif (Urdu: اوچ شریف) is 73 kilometers from Bahawalpur in Bahawalpur District, South Punjab, Pakistan. Uch is an important historical city, having been founded by Alexander the Great.
6. Derawar Fort – Bahawalpur
Derawar Fort is a large square fortress in Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan. The forty bastions of Derawar are visible for many miles in the Cholistan Desert. The walls have a circumference of 1500 meters and stand up to thirty meters high.
7. Minar-e-Pakistan – Lahore
Minar-e-Pakistan is a public monument in Iqbal Park, one of the largest urban parks in Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.
8. Rohtas Fort – Jhelum
Rohtas Fort (Urdu: قلعہ روہتاس Qila Rohtas) is a historical garrison fort located near the city of Jhelum in Punjab, Pakistan. It was built by Raja Todar Mal, under the orders of the Afghan king Sher Shah Suri, to subdue the rebellious tribes of the northern Punjab region, in the 16th century. This fort is about 4 km in circumference.
9. Pakistan Monument – Islamabad
The Pakistan Monument in Islamabad, Pakistan, is a national monument representing the nation’s four provinces and three territories. After a competition among many renowned architects, Arif Masood’s plan was selected for the final design.
10. Kallar Kahar – Chakwal
Kallar Kahar (Urdu: كلّر كہار) is a town and subdivision (Tehsil) of Chakwal District in Punjab, Pakistan. It is the capital of Kallar Kahar Tehsil. Lying 30 miles southwest of Chakwal on the Chakwal-Sargodha road, Kallar Kahar is known for its peacocks, its freshwater lake, and for the Takht-e-Babri, a flat stage built of stone by emperor Babar to address his army while coming down from Kabul in the quest of the crown of Delhi.
11. Hiran Minar – Lahore
Hiran Minar; (Urdu: ہرن مینار) is set in peaceful environs near Lahore in Sheikhupura, Pakistan. It was constructed by Emperor Jahangir as a monument to Mansraj, one of his pet deer.
12. Chauburji – Lahore
Chauburji (Urdu: چو برجی) (Chau meaning four, burji meaning tower) is one of the most famous monuments among the structures and buildings of the Mughal era in the city of Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.
13. Quaid’s Residency – Ziarat
Quaid-e-Azam Residency, also known as Ziarat Residency, is located in Ziarat, Balochistan, Pakistan. It is where Quaid-e-Azam, Muhammad Ali Jinnah spent the last two months and ten days of his life.
14. Allama Iqbal’s Tomb – Lahore
The Tomb of Allama Muhammad Iqbal is a simple but impressive structure in Iqbal Park in Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan. Iqbal Park is one of the largest urban parks in Pakistan on the Hazuri Bagh lawn between the Badshahi Mosque and the Lahore Fort where both the grand structures (the Mosque and the Fort) face each other.
15. Mazar-e-Quaid – Karachi
Mazar-e-Quaid (Urdu: مزار قائد), also known as the Jinnah Mausoleum or the National Mausoleum, is the final resting place of Quaid-e-Azam (Great Leader) Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the founder of Pakistan, as well as his sister, Māder-e Millat (Mother of the Nation) Fatima Jinnah, and Liaquat Ali Khan, the first Prime Minister of Pakistan.
More about National Monuments Please Visit:
- Ministry of Information, Broadcasting & National Heritage: www.nationalheritage.gov.pk
- Lok Virsa www.lokvirsa.org.pk
- Pakistan Monuments Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_national_monuments_of_Pakistan